How to make homemade soap? Here are 3 easy recipes
To fight against the spread of Coronavirus, washing your hands is one of the most effective barrier gestures. So why not take advantage of the lockdown to make your natural soap? Indeed, it is possible to make soap with all kinds of oils (peanut, olive, coconut...). Here are three recipes.
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Saponification is a chemical reaction that can be summed up as follows: fatty substances + soda => soap + glycerol. Soap has the main quality of dissolving fatty substances. Remember that saponification lasts about 24 hours : solid soap is therefore still corrosive during this time. If you touch it, rinse thoroughly.
- a glass or stainless steel container
- wooden spoons. Please note: any aluminum or plastic utensil should be avoided because of the soda, an essential component in soap making.
- petroleum jelly (to grease molds)
Basic ingredients and recipes
Most of the data here is in grams, not milliliters. Do not forget that 1 kilogram of oil is not equivalent to 1 liter of oil (one liter will be lighter: for example, 920 g for olive oil).
For a classic soap
- 450 g peanut oil
- 160ml demineralised water
- 58 g soda
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For a soap with olive and coconut oil
- 450g coconut oil
- 700g olive oil
- 450 g peanut oil
- 560 ml of demineralised water
- 228 g soda
For a goat's milk soap
- 450g coconut oil
- 1 kg of olive oil
- 450 g palm oil (or other vegetable fat)
- 88 ml goat's milk (to be added when tracing)
- 624ml water
- 264g lye water
Before you start: precautions to take
Soda is a dangerous product : be careful not to touch it. Here are some safety tips to avoid any inconvenience.
- First of all, you must always prepare and keep close at hand - this is what you put away last - a bowl with vinegar water (about 50% white vinegar) in order to be able to immediately neutralize a drop of soda which has come into contact with the skin or a mucous membrane.
- And remember that you should always put the soda in water and especially not the opposite - never water on the soda - because the heating of the chemical reaction would produce projections!
- To be able to handle the soda in peace, it is also imperative to use gloves and protective glasses .
- Handle soda outdoors or in a ventilated area.
- Protect the work surface with cardboard or newspapers. Any soda splashes that could damage it.
- Heat the oil to 40°C.
- Add the water/soda mixture slowly, turning regularly with the wooden spoon.
- Stir until traced.
Tracing is when the surface of the liquid begins to harden . At this time, it is possible to add certain additives (dyes, aromas, glitter...).
- Grease the molds with Vaseline.
- Pour the batter into the moulds.
- Let stand 1 or 2 days.
- Unmold the soap (with gloves).
- Let it sit in a very dry place for a month.
After making the soap
Do not forget to carefully wash all the utensils and the work surface, weighing which were used for the preparation of the soap with vinegar water. Do not forget either to wash the gloves carefully with vinegar water before removing them. Be careful, after unmolding the soap, it is still corrosive...
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